January17 , 2022

How to Start Cassava Farming → The Cultivating Techniques

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How to Start Cassava Farming → The Cultivating Techniques

It is unfortunate to see how many people go to bed hungry every night, suffering of starvation and malnutrition. How we constantly complain of lack of good paying jobs, and no money to spend and take care of our immediate needs. How many sell themselves into slavery in the hands of Chinese and Lebanese merchants right in their own country all in the name of working in a factory. While in reality, we’re sitting on a cash goldmine known as cassava farming and production!

Cassava does very well in most parts of West Africa like Ghana, Senegal, Benin Republic, Nigeria, Cameroon. The Brazilian are also know for cassava farming and production of Tapioca.

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The industrial processing of cassava in Nigeria holds much potential for successful investment. The crop is increasingly attracting attention and processing businesses are slowly starting to spring-up all over the country. You also know how useful cassava is to Nigerians in general in terms of consumption. Cassava forms the major part of our daily food. Almost no family can survive a whole year without cassava related foods. See 8 important foods that are derived from cassava

Cassava can be processed into a number of products such as starch, flour, chips, ethanol and glucose syrup, and bread to name a few. These products are all in high demand locally and also have significant export possibilities. These therefore, place a lot of raw cash in the hands of anyone who has the product.

As a smart person, you should be thinking about how to take advantage of government support for agriculture and the increased budget to make wealth for yourself because cassava farming surely provides opportunity for investors. If you are ready, here are what you need to start cassava farming.

Site selection
For Cassava plantation, it is important to choose an accessible well-drained fertile soil. You can take sample of the soil where you want to start your cassava farming to the IITA to help determine whether the soil is suitable for high yield cassava variety.

While most forest lands within the South West are known to be very fertile for cassava farming, it is important to further verify in other to be sure of your investment.

Decide on Cassava Varieties
For good cassava production, the following varieties are recommended for their high yield and processing quality: TMS 30572, NR 8082, NR8083, TMS 4(2) 1425, TMS 81/00110, TMS 92/0326. An additional 10 varieties are in the process of being released. Check from the cassava production specialists in Ibadan

READ ALSO: 7 sure ways to making money in farming 

Land Preparation and Planting

A Flourishing Cassava Farm in Nigeria
A total herbicide – Round up (a glyphosate) should be applied to the land where you wantnto plant your cassava at the rate of 4–5 l/ha 10 days before land preparation. For cost effectiveness and optimum plant population of your cassava , mechanization and planting on ridges are recommended.

Liming

It is recommended that 5 (50 kg) bags of agricultural lime be applied /ha during land preparation.
Planting and planting material

1. Cassava Planting starts in April and can be extended to October.

2. The quantity of cassava recommended for 1 ha is 60 bundles of cassava stem.

3. Cassava Stem cuttings 25 cm long should be planted at a spacing of 1 m x 1 m.

4. Maintain 100% cassava planting rate by replacing dead or nonviable stems.
Post-planting weed control

Where a total herbicide was not used before land preparation for cassava plantation, it is recommended that a selective pre-emergence herbicide be applied within three days after planting. Five liters of Primextra is recommended /ha.

Fertilizer Use, Type and Rate
The following fertilizers and their rate/ha are recommended

• NPK 15:15:15–12 (50 kg) bags
• NPK 20:10:10–9 (50 kg) bags
• NPK 12:12:17–15 (50 kg) bags

Apply fertilizer at 8 weeks after planting your cassava. Apply fertilizer in a ring, 6 cm wide and 10 cm from the plant or broadcast with care around the cassava plant, making sure the fertilizer does not touch the cassava stem or leaves.

Yield

Cassava Yield of 25 t/ha and above can be obtained with good agronomic practices and management.
Therefore, every step must be taken seriously in the process of planting your cassava.

Note

To reduce cost of production and attain high yields, it is recommended that land preparation be fully
mechanized. A power tiller can be used if the total land area under cultivation is not more than 250ha

Cassava Production Like This Will Make You Millions of Naira
Production cost for one hectare of cassava

Land preparation ……………………………………………………… N10,000.00

Cassava cuttings (60 bundles @ N300/bundle) ………………N18,000.00

Planting (4 person at N1000/pd) …………………………………..N4,000.00

Pre-emergence herbicides (5 liters at N1000/l) ………………..N5,000.00

Fertilizer (20:10:10, 9 bags at N2500/bag) ……………………..N22,000.00

Insecticides (2 liters at N1000/l) ……………………………………N3,000.00

Application of herbicide ……………………………………………….N3,000.00

Application of insecticide ………………………………………………N 3,000.00

Application of fertilizer (4 persons at N1,000/pd) ……………..N4,000.00

One weeding (10 person at N1,000/pd) …. ……………………..N10,000.00

Harvesting (15 person at N1,500/pd). …………………………….N17,500.00

Total ……………………………………………………………………….. N100,000.00

Farm Labor Wage Rates Vary By Location.

Note: Fixed capital investments are not included. Such capital investments include knapsack or boom sprayers, tractors or power tillers, stem cutters, planters, and harvesters. With planters and harvesters, manual labor use can be minimized.

This is one of the business you can access very quickly and easily to, why not take advantage now and free style to the bank.

Editor’s note

Please note that the analysis above by the writer in terms of costs must have doubled or tripled via inflation. You should just use this as a guide.