August18 , 2022

What every serious farmer should know about water in farming business

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What every serious farmer should know about water in farming business

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Water consumption is nearly double the amount of feed consumed and plays a key role in the transfer of nutrients, the removal of toxins and heat dispersion, and is also involved in many chemical reactions. About 70% of the chick weight consists of water. Young growing birds will consume more water than they excrete due to the high demand for water by the developing organs. As birds get older, the intake will equal the water excretion but this balance can be disturbed due to external factors (diseases).

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Drinking water accounts for 70–80 percent of the bird’s daily drinking needs. Poultry will generally consume more water than feed. As a result, water is the most critical nutrient for poultry. An abundance of clean water will reduce challenges and maximize performance

Birds should be able to consume the desired amount of water within a minute or performance will be reduced. Incorrect waterline management will greatly impact the performance of a flock and a 20% water intake reduction can already result in 200 gramme reduction in weight at 21 days. If water consumption decreases at any point during the bird health cycle, environment and management should be re-assessed.

READ ALSO: See how to understand the chicken in your farms more for better productivity and profitability 

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The pH (power of hydrogen) also affects the quality of water and consumption, higher pH than 7 will result in reduction in the consumption level, while lower pH below 6 will affect vaccines and medications supplied in water. Drinking water will be negatively affected. If the pH drops to less than 3, the water will be unpalatable and have a corrosive effect on the equipment. And, last but not least, the pH level also impacts the efficacy of sanitation.

FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHEN THINKING ABOUT WATER MANAGEMENT INCLUDE:

1). Quality, mineral content and accessibility 2). Cleanliness of drinker lines 3). Flushing water lines between flocks and during production 4). Elimination of biofilms and mineral buildup 5). Drinker equipment maintenance.

The main risk with closed water systems is the build-up of a biofilm which typically is not visible. This biofilm is a thick mucus (slime) secreted by bacteria which builds up on the inside of a waterline if the system is not managed properly. This biofilm can cause flock health challenges as it harbours bacteria such as E. coli and salmonella. Biofilms are also difficult to remove and require mechanical action to remove them from the water system. They may also block nipples or cause them to leak. A robust cleaning and sanitising programme during a t u r n a r o u n d i s r e c o m m e n d e d t o p r e v e n t b i o fi l m s . A proven product to remove a biofilm from a drinker system is organic acids (WRIGHT PH) as it will break down the biofilm and is non-corrosive for the drinking system. Organic acid (WRIGHT PH) is effective against bacteria, fungi,algae and viruses when used in the proper dosage and in good time.

The pH (power of hydrogen) also affects the quality of water and consumption, higher pH than 7 will result in reduction in the consumption level, while lower pH below 6 will affect vaccines and medications supplied in water. Drinking water will be negatively affected. If the pH drops to less than 3, the water will be unpalatable and have a corrosive effect on the equipment. And, last but not least, the pH level also impacts the efficacy of sanitation.

FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHEN THINKING ABOUT WATER MANAGEMENT INCLUDE:

1). Quality, mineral content and accessibility

2). Cleanliness of drinker lines

3). Flushing water lines between flocks and during production

4). Elimination of biofilms and mineral buildup

5). Drinker equipment maintenance.

Poultry growers will likely find the task of maintaining high-quality water supplies more challenging in the future. Higher temperatures possibly due to global warming decreased precipitation, and the reduced flow of surface and ground water could concentrate contaminants (nutrients) in drinking water. Higher environmental temperatures will also accelerate bacteria and algae growth in water lines. Therefore, the best defense is for poultry producers to establish procedures such as; chemical shock treatments to suppress the formation of bio-films and slime layers in their poultry water lines followed by the use of organic acids like for controlling Wright pH harmful bacteria. These practices are an important piece of a program for improved water quality, improved live performance and improved food safety

 

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