July1 , 2022

Best Equipment for Pig Farming in Nigeria 

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Best Equipment for Pig Farming in Nigeria 

Farmer’s needs simple farm equipment to make their jobs easy, and pig farmers are no exception.

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To be a successful pig farmer, you will need the right pig farming equipment.

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Using pig breeding equipment on your farm makes day-to-day management much easy.

The more pigs you can raise and the less labor you need, the more equipment you will have on your farm.

Some of this equipment is simple, and you can get them on the local market. To Start Piggery in Nigeria, you need some of this equipment to be successful.

Depending on the needs of the farm, you may choose to build some equipment locally.

Pig farming equipment will help you in giving water, feed, veterinary services, handling, weighing, and housing for the pigs.

In this article, I will review some of the best equipment for raising pigs. Let’s get started right away if you are ready.

List of Best Equipment for Pig Farming in Nigeria

Pig Farrowing Crate

Piglet heating equipment

Feeding equipment

Watering System for Pig Farming

Disposable Boots and Boot Dip

Wheelbarrow

Read also: Economic importance of pig farming

Pig Farrowing Crate

Farrowing crates for pregnant sows are metal crates placed in a pen where they are placed before farrowing.

Farrowing crates prevent the sows from turning around and only allow them to move slightly forward and backward.

In the pen, there is a “creep area” for the sow’s piglets next to the farrowing crates. The piglets can suckle from the sow’s teats, but the sow cannot interact with them.

It helps to minimize mortality and maximizes the growth rate of the piglets. You can choose to build a wooden farrowing cage or buy a ready-made metal cage.

Piglet heating equipment

Big Farmer’s farrowing sows need a heating system for the piglets. You’ll also need heating equipment, like lamps or bulbs, after allowing adequate space for the piglets to lie down.

Adequate heating prevents disease and reduces heat loss. Optimal house temperature has a significant impact on pig health and performance.

Therefore, farmers in a variety of climate zones rely on proper heating systems to maintain stable temperatures. The ultimate goal is to maximize heat production and transmit it efficiently to the piglets.

Try as much as possible to keep energy expenses as low as possible. Nowadays, many pig farms use farrowing and high bedding systems. Also, they use infrared heat lamps, electric heating pads, and far-infrared heating pads, among others.

Feeding equipment 

Pigs, like all other animals, need an adequate amount of feed to grow. The growth rate and health of pigs are determined by the quantity and quality of feed they eat.

It is necessary to provide a feeding area and feeding devices.

Depending on pen design, feeding equipment can be automatic or manual. You should be able to regulate feed intake if you use an automatic cylinder feeder.

This will also help you regulate pig feeding times and reduce waste. In your Pens, using feeding equipment makes it easier to dispose of old feed and replace it with new feed. It also helps to maintain optimum hygiene in the pen.

Read also: Benefits of pig production

Watering System for Pig Farming

Water is the nutrient that pigs need in quantity. It is the most often ignored and overlooked nutrient than the others available in the feed.

Although several sources strongly recommend free water, most do not offer specific recommendations on the amount of watering space, types of waterers, water distribution rates, or quality requirements.

You can use automatic watering systems that ensure enough water is available throughout the day for the Pigs because they need to drink plenty of clean water.

Piglets less than one-week old need 250 grams of water per kilogram of body weight, fattening pigs need 12 liters, and pregnant sows need 17 liters of water per night.

Piglets can drink from a polypropylene watering bowl, while adults can drink from a stainless-steel trough.

Disposable Boots and Boot Dip

Pigs are susceptible to various diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, and parasites. As a biosecurity measure, the farmer and visitors to the facility should wear disposable plastic boots. This helps to prevent harmful bacteria from adhering to the soles of their shoes or sandals.

You can also place a dip boot with the necessary disinfectant for visitors to use before entering the farm. Each time the farmer enters the farm is good to use the proper routine.

To minimize bacterial load, use disinfectants between socks. Boots and cloth wore on the farm only.

Wheelbarrow

A wheelbarrow is an essential tool for moving large quantities of pig feed in a piggery. A wheelbarrow can also help transport pig farm bedding and for cleaning manure.

When the farm is large, and the distance between the materials and the place where you need them is far, wheelbarrows are very useful for carrying the materials needed in the pig farm.

Read also: Global trends in the pig industry: biosecurity, labor, efficiency

Medical equipment for pig farming

To facilitate the medical care of pigs, you will need the right equipment on your farm.

You all the medical equipment below for treatment, grooming, and other medical procedures, there is a wide range of medical equipment available for pig farming.

Forceps, bandages, scalpel handles, blades, and syringes are commonly used medical items for pig farming, see full list below.

Scalpel handles

Blades

syringes

Side-cutting pliers

Ear notching pliers

Multiple dose syringes

Disposable injections

wound dressing

Medicine shelves

Refrigeration for vaccines

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